Thursday, March 7, 2019
Leadership Qualities of Martin Luther King
I. IntroductionMartin Luther passeliness tiper junior was a United States clergyman and urbane rights leader. King became the countrys most prominent spokesman for equal justice for sear Americans. He was a charismatic leader and an eloquent speaker, who preached nonviolent resistance to partial laws and practices, a tactic he adopted from Indian leader Mohandas K. Gandhi. His civil rights efforts helped to bring about passage of the Civil Rights title of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964. In 1983, the U.S. Congress voted to cite his birthday, January 15, a national holiday (celebrated on the third Monday of the month).King began his involvement in the modern civil rights movement in 1955 with leadership of the Montgomery (Alabama) bus topology boycott, which ended segregated seating on that citys earth b social occasions. He then urged dim Americans to follow the Montgomery example and derive their rights through nonvi olent protest. As head of the federationern Christian leadership Conference, which he helped to found in 1957, King led demonstrations, marches, sit-ins, and boycotts in many another(prenominal) cities in both the South and the North, often meeting hostility and sometimes violence (Haskins, 2000). He was jailed several times in the South for his activities. In 1967, he also became a leader of the peace movement, desire an end to the Vietnamese War.This paper scrutinizes the leadership qualities of Martin Luther King.II. BackgroundA. EARLY LIFEMartin Luther King was innate(p) in Atlanta, the capital of the US evidence of Georgia, on January 15, 1929. His father, also called Martin, was a minister of the Christian religion and he passed on his faith to his son.When Martin was genuinely young, his family was able to protect him from the injustices that down in the mouth people suffered on a nonchalant basis. Later, as he grew nonagenarianer, he realized the truth. His first sc hool was for stark children only, and in the streets and shops of Atlanta, all black people were treated as second class citizens (Lincoln, 2000).B. A COLLEGE EDUCATIONMartin Luther King was an excellent pupil, and at 15 years old he moved on to Morehouse College in Atlanta. There he indomitable that he wanted to be a preacher like his father. In 1948 he took up a place at Crozer Seminary in the state of Pennsylvania, far to the north.While at Crozer, Martin became interested in the ideas of the Indian leader Mohandas Gandhi. In particular, he began to share Gandhis view that people should not use violence to fight injustice. Martin also met Coretta Scott, a black woman from the southerly state of Alabama. The couple married in 1953, after Martin had left the seminary to learn for a postgraduate degree at Boston University in mammy (Haskins, 2000).III. DiscussionA. THE MONTGOMERY BUS BOYCOTTIn May 1954, Martin became preacher at Dexter pathway Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alab ama, and moved to the city with his wife. In the same year, the US Supreme Court ruled that segregated education was wrong. This was a cracking leap forward for black civil rights, but it was only the beginning.In Martins new home of Montgomery, all the buses had separate seats for black and livid people. If there were no free seats when a white someone got on a bus, the law said that a black soul had to give up his or her seat. On December 1, 1955, a black passenger called Rosa Parks refused to stand up so that a white man could sit down. She was quickly arrested (Oates, 2002).Martin and other local black leaders were angry at this injustice, so organized a bus boycott. They asked all the black people of Montgomery to stop traveling by bus and, for over a year, most did. Finally, on December 20, 1956, the US Supreme Court ruled that the bus segregation laws were against the constitution and so illegal.B. ORGANIZING THE FIGHTIn 1957, Martin Luther King and other leaders set up an organization called the Confederate Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC). Its main aims were to end segregation, and to make it easier for black people to vote. The Constitution of the United States gave them this right, but the governments of many individual states, in particular in the South, tried to stop them from voting. Over the next few years, Martin organized many strikes, marches and other protests. At the same time, he enjoyed a happy family life and by 1963 he had four children (Oates, 2002).C. A young ROLE?Martin did not give up his work. Instead, he began to think more about the injustice faced by black people in the northern states of the United States, and by other groups of people across the country, particularly the poor of all races. He also began to campaign against the war the Americans were battle in Vietnam. Martins last great plan was to lead a Poor Peoples March to Washington, D.C. On April 4, 1968, while he was visiting the city of Memphis in Tenn essee, he was shot dead by an escaped criminal called James Earl Ray. Four days later, he was hide in Atlanta, Georgia (Lincoln, 2000).IV. ConclusionMartin Luther King younger has left a genuinely far-famed reputation that even his own race cannot compare with his notable record as a man who brought changed in Americas clubhouse. Martin Luther King, Jr. has truly contributed to the history of United States of America. His upright deeds willing not be forgotten for every individual especially for those who experient racism. He was a type of a leader that was able to lead a mass writhe for racial equality that doomed insularity and brought changed to the United States of America. His assassination was not the end of the black people society to keep fighting for their rights but it was only the beginning that motivated their patrol wagon to continue fighting for its principles and rights.Reference1. Haskins, J. The Life and Death of Martin Luther King, Jr. (Lothrop, Lee & Sheph ard, 2000).2. Lincoln, C.E. Martin Luther King, Jr. a Profile (Hill & Wang, 2000).3. Oates, S.B. Let the Trumpet Sound the Life of Martin Luhter King, Jr. (Harper & Row, 2002).