Saturday, March 30, 2019

Reducing Corruption in the Nigerian Police Force

Reducing subversion in the Nigerian practice of law ForceOverviewThis paper intends to examine the ramifications of decadence in the Nigerian practice of law Force (NPF), with respect to populace safety and human rights, and provide quartette policy strategies that underside be adopted by the Nigerian regimen to narrow legal philosophy putrescence. The paper will investigate police force decadency within the purview of three theories structural-functional possibility, deviant demeanor theory and whacky state theory.Drawing on these theories the paper will establish how their occupation to police putrefaction can help in understanding the tragedies of police putrescence and reducing rot in the NPF. In examining the ramifications of police decomposition in Nigeria, the paper will explore concepts such as corruption of authority, kickbacks, opportunity theft, shakedowns, internal payoffs, padding, and the fix to show varying dimensions of police corruption. accentuate In recent age, the level of corruption in Nigeria, oddly in the NPF, has take alarming. law of nature corruption in Nigeria takes different forms, ranging from officers collecting coin from the citizens at check locates, to officers extorting money from alleged law offenders at police stations, to officers tamper evidence to influence court cases, to officers using forceful and eccentric convey to obtain information, to officers working as accomplices to electoral malpractices, illegal activities and human rights abuses, and to officers mismanaging pecuniary resource allocated to the Police Force for personalized aggrandizement.The most recent Global Corruption Barometer shows that 75% of Nigerians believe that the level of corruption has increased all over the years and 72% perceive the NPF to be the most corrupt institution in the country (Pring 2015, 36 37). Also, 78% of Nigerians believe that the presidency has not handled the cope against corruption well (Ibid, 42) hence the anti-corruption performance of government is ranked poor.For over a decade, corruption in the NPF has come under increasing public scrutiny, as domestic and international civil society organizations overwhelmd in anti-corruption activism, have intensified efforts in uncovering corrupt practices in the NPF and demanding actions against police corruption. The activities of the anti-corruption activists have revealed series of public scandals involving senior officers of the NPF. Police corruption in Nigeria has raised serious line of work about the standard of ethics and single in the NPF.Since 1994, there had been four Presidential Committees on Police enlighten established by different political administrations to examine issues face up the NPF and nonplus recommendations to the government. But the recommendations of these committees have never been implemented. Thus efforts to reform the NPF have face difficulties across many fronts. Underfunding and arbitrary dis bursement of allocations to the NPF are common challenges facing the NPF. Despite these committees, government has not been able to deal with police corruption, as government continues to embark on circuit of establishing more committees, with huge plight bills. This, therefore, is an indication of deep lack of political will to reform the NPF. termination statement/Policy questionsThe paper intends to establish that police corruption has become overwhelming and persistent such that it undermines good governance in Nigeria and causes general gangrene of the institutional fabrics of the NPF. As a result, the need for coherent strategies to reduce police corruption has become imperative. In light of this problem, the paper intends to coiffe the following policy questionsWhat is the fundamental problem with Nigerias efforts to reduce police corruption?Why have the previous strategies designed to fight police corruption failed?What are best methods to reduce police corruption in Nige ria? methodologyThe paper is a non-empirical investigation. Thus it intends to carry out a historical study of the NPF and factors responsible for police corruption in Nigeria. This task is germane(predicate) because it will provide insights into the various forms of police corruption in Nigeria and their impacts. establish on the non-empirical nature of the paper, its key considerations will be based on theoretical and empirical review of the relevant literature. Research will involve library research and materials will be sourced from wider sources, including academic journals, books, periodicals, reports, conference/seminar papers, newspapers articles, and other electronic sources. motiveThe motivation for this paper is based on the authors concern about the tragedy of police corruption in his country. This concern springs from the authors personal experiences with the Nigerian police officers. The need to address the decay in the NPF, particularly from the Nigerian perspectiv e, thus underlies this paper.Theoretical frameworksStructural-functional theoryThis theory posits that the social twist of a society has an impact on the way people dish out themselves. Thus how the network of social interactions is structured in society can explain the extent of police corruption. The guiding principle is that in a moral-guided society tolerance for police corruption is likely to be zero, thereby making it possible for social institutions to function with moral awareness.Deviant behaviour theoryThis theory can be used to explain the organisational nature of police corruption. Police corruption can thus be explained from the perspective of group behaviour, which is guided by sets of societal norms that are conjugated to the organization to which the police officers belong to, as opposed to the behaviour of psyche police officers. The guiding principle is that police corruption can be well-understood from the organizational circumstance of the NPF where the corr upt behaviours occur.Soft state theoryThis theory can be used to explain police corruption from the context that the extent to which the government is incapable of implementing reforms and instituting social disciplines speaks volumes about the level of corruption in the state. The guiding principle is that police corruption is rife in a state where the government lacks the ability to implement reforms hence government institutions are disinclined to demand social disciplines from the people.StructureBelow is the shortened synopsis of the paper.IntroductionBackgroundIssue statementPolicy questionsMotivationKey considerations Theoretical framework and Empirical evidenceCorruption and the Nigerian Police ForceBrief historical background of the NPFOverview of Concepts Corruption and Police corruptionTypologies of police corruptionNature of police corruption in NigeriaFactors responsible for police corruption in NigeriaPolicy strategies to reduce corruption in the NPFAssessment of prev ious anti-corruption strategiesProposed strategies to reduce police corruptionTipping point leadership styleAlliance building with public sector institutions, hole-and-corner(a) sector (including media and civil society), and broader political structureAmending legal frameworks (Constitution and Police Act)Introducing Anti-Corruption codification aka The Police Code in the Police ActRecommendations/Conclusion

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